Welcome! Please click the tabs to the left to navigate through this website. In the "Before the Case" section, you will find information about the rights of accused Americans prior to the famed Miranda v. Arizona trial, as well as the issues with these limited rights. "The Case of Miranda v. Arizona" section thoroughly explains the crime and arrest of Ernesto Miranda himself, as well as the other cases that constituted the verdict. This section also discusses the details of the Supreme Court trial, and the resulting verdict. Finally, you can learn about both the short-term criticisms of the decision, as well as the long-term modifications and major effects, in the "Effects of the Trial."
In Phoenix, Arizona in 1963, Ernesto Miranda was arrested for kidnapping, rape and robbery. He was interrogated by police, and allegedly confessed to these crimes. However, he was not informed of his rights before the investigation, nor did he have a council present during his investigation. Miranda’s prosecution consisted of only his confession; he was therefore declared guilty of rape and kidnapping, and sentenced to 20-30 years in prison. Miranda then appealed to the Arizona Supreme Court by stating that his confession was obtained unconstitutionally, but the court upheld his conviction. He appealed a second time in 1966, to the United States Supreme Court, where his case was reviewed under the well known case of Miranda v. Arizona. The outcome stated that he had been unfairly convicted, as his interrogation had violated his Fifth and Sixth Amendment rights. As a result, the rights now known today as the Miranda rights came to be, which require law enforcement officials to read the accused their rights prior to interrogation. The outcome of the case, however, was heavily criticized, and limitations have been placed on the Miranda rights over time. Today, the Miranda rights are some of the basic rights possessed by all Americans, and it is the responsibility of police and government officials to inform the accused of these rights.